The Predictive Power of Stock Earnings
In analyzing the performance of publicly traded companies, one of the most common metrics is stock earnings. Earnings are reported on a quarterly or annual basis. The P/E ratio is used to measure the value of a stock. Other metrics include return on assets and return on equity (ROE). You should familiarize yourself with these terms and use them to your advantage. Listed below are some of the most common measures used by stock analysts.
Often, stock prices rise when a company’s earnings surprise analysts. Almost 70% of the companies on the S&P 500 beat earnings estimates in the second quarter. While S&P Capital IQ was expecting the S&P 500 to show a decrease, actual earnings surprised investors. Consequently, shares rose. However, when earnings come in below analysts’ expectations, stock prices tend to fall. However, the results aren’t all bad.
The prediction power of stock earnings has been studied extensively since the late sixties. During this time, Chicago University Professors Raymond Ball and Philip Brown introduced this concept to the academic community. Since then, many academics have studied this phenomenon extensively. This phenomenon has become known as the Post Earnings Announcement Drift. It is contrary to the efficient market hypothesis, which states that stocks are priced on their earnings, not on their fundamentals. Nevertheless, research shows that the predictive power of earnings remains high.
The key to predicting a stock’s earnings is to monitor the market’s reactions to previous earnings reports. You can watch the reactions of key sectors or individual stocks to determine how a stock will react. This can be done by checking Tradingview charts, knowing the current overall market state, main runners in a given sector, and reviewing news on a particular day. You can also follow the stock’s earnings by searching for certain keywords in its ticker.
If you are a long-term investor, you should take a close look at the stock’s earnings announcement. While there is some evidence that post-earnings-announcement drift can occur, it is important to remember that this phenomenon can only occur when there is a positive earnings surprise. If you’re an investor, you can trade stocks that have a positive earnings surprise. If you’re a short-term investor, the news may not make much difference in your portfolio.
While it’s important to understand the underlying fundamentals of a stock’s business, the metric that is most important to investors is earnings per share. Earnings per share is a measure of a company’s profitability and is the single most important factor affecting a company’s stock price. Earnings per share is a common indicator of profitability for companies and helps investors understand their potential investments. Higher earnings per share indicates a better company.